New publication: Human platelet lysate regulates metabolism and functions of mesenchymal stem cells
In collaboration with researchers at Chinese Academy of Science, this study demonstrates the molecular mechanism of human platelet lysate (hPL) in the regulation of metabolism and functions of mesenchymal stem cells, which implies the potential of hPL as an efficient biological material for stem cell engineering and regenerative medicine.
Human platelet lysate (hPL) alters the lineage commitment and paracrine functions of human mesenchymal stem cells via mitochondrial metabolism
Ping Dua, Xuelian Tao, Kun Liu, Jiao Lin, Yue Shi, Kwideok Park, Hsien-Yeh Chen, Chao-Po Lin, Junlei Chang, Raymond CB Wong, Haobo Pan, Peng-Yuan Wang
Applied Materials Today, 2022 March, 26, 101264
Emerging evidence indicates that cellular bioenergetics is critical in determining the self-renewal and differentiation of stem cells. Human platelet lysate (hPL) contains abundant proteins, which has been shown to improve self-renewal and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). However, the detailed modulating effect of hPL on MSCs energy metabolism remains unexplored. This study showed that MSCs cultured in hPL displayed a reduced cell size and cell spreading, but an improved proliferation and osteogenic capability compared with cells maintained in fetal bovine serum (FBS). RNA sequencing revealed widespread transcriptome differences between hPL- and FBS-MSCs where the differential expressed genes (DEGs) were enriched mainly in the PI3K-Akt and metabolic signal pathways. We found a significant downregulation of HIF1A (hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha) and altered mitochondrial features in hPL-MSCs, indicating a metabolism switch of the hPL-treated cells from glycolysis towards mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos). It was also demonstrated that hPL-MSCs tend to differentiate towards the aerobic metabolism-demanded osteocytes or adipocytes rather than the anaerobic metabolism-demanded chondrocytes using a differentiation medium. Finally, hPL-MSCs showed an impaired paracrine function where the secreted factors cannot stimulate M2 polarization of THP1 cells and angiogenesis of HUVECs. We concluded that the PI3K-Akt/HIF1A-mediated metabolic state dominated the physiological property and lineage commitment of MSCs in hPL. For the first time, this study demonstrates the molecular mechanism of hPL in the regulation of metabolism and functions of MSCs, which implies the potential of hPL as an efficient biological material for stem cell engineering and regenerative medicine.
Read the publication here.