New publication: New biomaterial to support cell reprogramming to generate neurons
In collaboration with researchers at Chinese Academy of Science, this study demonstrates use of colloidal self-assembled patterns (cSAPs) as a novel biomaterial to support cell reprogramming of human fibroblasts into neurons.
Defined Physicochemical Cues Steering Direct Neuronal Reprogramming on Colloidal Self-Assembled Patterns (cSAPs)
Javad Harati, Kun Liu, Hosein Shahsavarani, Ping Du, Massimiliano Galluzzi, Ke Deng, Jei Mei, Hsien-Yeh Chen, Shahin Bonakdar, Behrouz Aflatoonian, Guoqiang Hou, Yingjie Zhu, Haobo Pan, Raymond C. B. Wong, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar, Weihong Song, Peng-Yuan Wang
ACS Nano, 2023, 17, 2, 1054-1067
Direct neuronal reprogramming of somatic cells into induced neurons (iNs) has been recently established as a promising approach to generating neuron cells. Previous studies have reported that the biophysical cues of the in vitro microenvironment are potent modulators in the cell fate decision; thus, the present study explores the effects of a customized pattern (named colloidal self-assembled patterns, cSAPs) on iN generation from human fibroblasts using small molecules. The result revealed that the cSAP, composed of binary particles in a hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) geometry, is capable of improving neuronal reprogramming efficiency and steering the ratio of the iN subtypes. Cells exhibited distinct cell morphology, upregulated cell adhesion markers (i.e., SDC1 and ITGAV), enriched signaling pathways (i.e., Hippo and Wnt), and chromatin remodeling on the cSAP compared to those on the control substrates. The result also showed that the iN subtype specification on cSAP was surface-dependent; therefore, the defined physicochemical cue from each cSAP is exclusive. Our findings show that direct cell reprogramming can be manipulated through specific biophysical cues on the artificial matrix, which is significant in cell transdifferentiation and lineage conversion.
Read the publication here.